India Radio Astronomy
Itphoenix accident attorneys one online accredited psychology degree few leading nations in research and the credit for this goes to the tireless and unwavering efforts online accredited psychology degree legendary radio astronomer Professor Govind Swarup. Professor Swarup was such a scientific pioneer who helped establish two large radio telescopes in India and thereby gave India a prominent place in global astronomy.
Professor Swarup’s long, distinguished career spanned India, Australia and the US. He is credited with developing the finest community of Indian radio astronomers . Even today, the bulk of India’s radio astronomy communityphoenix accident attorneys made up of Professor Swarup’s students and then his students.
The ever-smiling simple professor, fondly called Govind, was a zealous guide and quickly identified and encouraged talent. His cheerful disposition and eagerness for scientific conversation often attracted students and scientists. Professor Swarup continued to take an active interest in radio astronomy even after his retirement in 1994. His passion for this fieldphoenix accident attorneys exemplified by the fact that in 2017 at the age of 88, he co-authored a paper on radio observations online accredited psychology degree planet Venus.
Interested in reading since childhood, Govind was influenced by his father and grandfather. After matriculation, he took admission in Ewing Christian College, Allahabad (present-day Prayagraj) for further studies. There he became the secretary online accredited psychology degree Physics Club online accredited psychology degree college. After this he was asked to do engineering in Banaras (present day Varanasi) following his uncle. Govind chose a different path and enrolled in B.Sc Physics at Allahabad University. After graduating in 1948, he registered for MSc in the same university.
It was here that Govind had the opportunity to listen to lectures by renowned physicist and co-inventor of Raman scattering, KS Krishnan . Later, in 1950, Professor Krishnan appointed this dynamic young man to the National Physical Laboratory in New Delhi.
21-year-old Govind began working under Professor Krishnan in Paramagnetic Compassion at the newly formed National Physical Laboratory. Seeing his limitless potential, Professor Krishnan recommended his name for a two-year fellowship at an Australian radiophysics facility at Potts Hill, Sydney. Professor Joseph Pozzy, Australia’s leading radio astronomer, guided Swarup. Govind Swarup grasped the nuances online accredited psychology degree subject very quickly and helped accelerate the technological aspects online accredited psychology degree facility in Australia. Govind and his colleague Parthasarathy conducted detailed studies on the Sun at the Potts Hill Telescope Facility.
Govind returned to India in 1955 after working in Australia and began work under Professor Krishnan, who was keen to set up a radio astronomy group in India . Govind started working on a 500 MHz receiver in Delhi, which was to receive 32 dish arrays from the Potts Hill facility. However, the ambitious project had to be shelved due to procedural constraints.
By the end of 1956, Govind went to the Harvard College Observatory in the US to study the spectrum of solar bursts at the Fort Davis Facility. There he did solar research for a year and published several papers. He had a remarkable success in discovering a new type of solar explosion called the ‘U-butt’. He also invented a method called the Swaroop-Yang technique, whichphoenix accident attorneys used to stabilize large radio ranges .
In 1957, Govind went to Stanford to pursue a PhD in radio astronomy under the guidance of Professor Ron Bracewell. Professor Bracewell was a world renowned radio astronomer. He was designing and building the Radioheliograph, a series of dish-type radio telescopes. Swarup also worked with Bracewell on the construction online accredited psychology degree larger cylindrical antenna. This concept came into use in India a decade after his efforts.
Soon after his doctorate, Govind Swarup was offered a professorship at Stanford. He served in this position until 1963, but during this time he often considered returning to India and starting a radio astronomy group. Soon Professor Swarup, three of his contemporary scientists- T.K. Menon returned to India with R. Kundu and T. Krishnan. Eminent physicist and founding director of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) Homi Bhabha offered him the position. Professor Bhabha helped carry forward Professor Swarup’s ambitious project to establish the National Center for Radio Astrophysics (NCRA).
Radio astronomy was a booming study globally in the early 1960s and many advanced nations started investing in research related to it. Professor Swarup knew that it would be beneficial to establish a radio telescope in India due to its proximity to the equator. After attaining independence, India was engaged in its construction and was raising funds for advanced scientific research. Projects like radio astronomy at that time were a bit difficult, but the young enthusiastic Professor Swarup envisioned ambitious goals for a scientific India. With his unique thinking, he tried to achieve the goals with determination. Despite the difficulties and paucity of funds, he built a great radio telescope in a very low budget.
Professor Swarup was instrumental in conceiving and setting up two large radio telescopes. The first Ooty Radio Telescope (ORT) started functioning in 1970. The second, the Giant Meterwave Radio Telescope (GMRT), debuted in the 1990s and became operational in 2002.
In 2019, the upgraded version of GMRT called UGMRT was inaugurated on his 90th birthday. Today GMRT ranks as the most sensitive meterwave radio interferometer of its class in the world.